The Christmas Carol we know of as “O Come, O Come Emmanuel” is based on a monastic tradition from the medieval period of crafting “O Antiphons” around the names for Jesus embedded in the Old Testament. Here, to the best of my knowledge are all of the verses of “O Come, O Come Emmanuel” in the order of the original Antiphons. Along side these are scripture references related to the names.
|O come, thou Wisdom from on high,
who orders all things far and nigh; to us the path of knowledge show, and teach us in her ways to go.
Proverbs 8:22-36 (wisdom’s role in creation)
|O come, O come, Thou Lord of might,
Who to Thy tribes on Sinai’s height
In ancient times once gave the law
In cloud, and majesty, and awe.
Traditionally one of the Antiphons relates Jesus to Moses
Psalm 19, 145, 105
|I am statements from John 8:48-59|
|O Root of Jesse, standing as a sign among the peoples;
before you kings will shut their mouths,
to you the nations will make their prayer:
Come and deliver us, and delay no longer.
|Isaiah 11:1-3, 10-11, Isaiah 52:13-53:6
Revelation 5:1-5, 22:16
|O come, Thou Key of David, come,
And open wide our heavenly home
Make safe the way that leads on high,
And close the path to misery.
The phrase “key of David, comes from 22:22 but the context refers to a misuse of authority; too much weight placed on one person.
|O come, thou Dayspring, come and cheer
our spirits by thine advent here;
disperse the gloomy clouds of night,
and death’s dark shadows put to flight.
|O come, Desire of nations, bind
in one the hearts of all mankind; bid thou our sad divisions cease, and be thyself our King of Peace.
|O come, O come, Emmanuel,
And ransom captive Israel,
That mourns in lonely exile here
Until the Son of God appear.